January 24, 2013

Youth Power

Peter_kaufmanBy Peter Kaufman

Apathetic. Apolitical. Indifferent. Insensitive. Self Absorbed. Self-Obsessed. Selfish. Uncaring. Uncompassionate. Uninvolved.

Have you heard these words thrown about? They are often used these days to describe today’s youth. Some call them the Me Generation or Generation Me. Youth 1Whatever order you prefer, the meaning is unmistakable: young people today are a generation of individuals who are more focused on themselves than others. This sentiment is summed up quite succinctly by Christian Smith and his colleagues in their book, Lost in Transition: The Dark Side of Emerging Adulthood. Based on 230 interviews with a cross section of young people between the ages of 18-23 the authors argue that:

The vast majority of the emerging adults interviewed remain highly civically and politically disengaged, uninformed, and distrustful. Most in fact in this study claim to feel disempowered, apathetic, and sometimes even despairing when it comes to the larger social, civic, and political world beyond their own private lives. 

 Given your own experiences and observations of young people do you feel this analysis rings true? I tend to have a different perspective than the authors of this study. My sense is that today’s young people are not all disengaged, consumer-driven individualists. I am more inclined to believe a recent study that found 56% of young adults around the world consider themselves activists and 69% of youth in the U.S. self identify as such.

I encounter many young people who are less interested in their iPhones and more interested in the conditions of the workers making them; who are less interested in their choice of footwear and more interested in their carbon footprint; and who are less interested in personal success and more interested in the common good. In short, many of today’s youth take seriously the moniker “Leaders of Tomorrow” by demonstrating how they are leading today.

Youth 2Last summer in Columbus, Ohio, students from North America came together at the National Student Power Convergence to share stories, discuss strategies, and organize around a host of issues related to the environment, education, labor, inequality, war, and health care.

For a generation of young people that are often lambasted for their self absorption, the students at this gathering sure seemed interested in the power of coalition building. One of my former students, Eirik, attended the Convergence and he conveyed to me the positive energy that came out of it. “The Convergence was all at once inspiring and humbling. For us to all come together and share gave us all a sense of purpose, and lots of us are still in contact planning the next steps.”

The students at this conference are reflecting what a number of recent sociological studies have discovered: that young people today are often leading the fight for social justice. In fact, there has been a spate of recent sociological books that counter the assertion of Christian Smith and his colleagues and detail emerging movements of youth power. We Fight to Win: Inequality and the Politics of Youth Activism by Hava Rachel Gordon offers an account of how young people in Portland, Oregon and Oakland, California are working together to address community and educational problems. Despite obstacles they face from their families, communities, and schools, and despite the fact that many adults see them as mere citizens-in-the-making instead of as bona fide political agents, the young people Gordon studied were often at the forefront of social movement activism in their cities.

The Hip-Hop Generation Fights Back: Youth, Activism, and Post-Civil Rights Politics by Andreana Clay dispels the myths that today’s young people of color are all violent, gang-banging thugs. Based on two years of ethnographic research in Oakland, California, Clay explains how these young people are mobilizing their peers, organizing the adults, and leading the struggle to change the urban landscape. As the title of the book suggests, Clay shows how urban cultural forms such as hip-hop and spoken word figure prominently in their activist strategies.

Rebel Girls: Youth Activism and Social Change Across the Americas by Jessica Taft is a cross-cultural study of young girls who demonstrate that being effective and powerful agents of social change is not solely the province of adults. Based on research she conducted in San Francisco, Mexico City, Caracas, Buenos Aires, and Vancouver, Taft illustrates how young girls both reject and reconstruct their feminine-based identities so that they are viewed legitimately as political actors contributing to social change. 

As 2012 gave way to 2013, many media outlets compiled a list of the most influential people of the Youth 3 past year. A common name on many of these lists was the young activist Malala Yousafzai. Malala is a fifteen-year-old from Pakistan who survived an assassination attempt by the Taliban because she was fighting for access to education for girls (the literacy rate for females in Pakistan is 26%). Her latest actions for women’s rights was not surprising given that in 2009 as an eleven-year-old she began exerting her political agency by writing a blog for the BBC about the oppressive treatment of women under the Taliban.

As sociologists, we know that there are a lot of inequalities, injustices, and problems in world. If we have any hope in eradicating some of these ills, either in our local communities or on a larger national or international scale, then we will need to harness the energy, insights, and actions of young people. Activists like Malala are not just expressing youthful naiveté; rather, they are demonstrating the type of (youth) power that all of us can learn from. 


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It seems that today's youth are more inundated to conform to peer pressures and societal issues than in the 70's and 80's. But I believe that self-confidence and and responsibility for your actions are taught at home. Then our youth will not be so easily influenced to conform.

Curious. My research with 12-17 yr olds based on surveys and interviews unambiguously backs up Smith's conclusion. However, my students (18-22) were very well informed, engaged and civic/politically active. But then, I was teaching at an elite school that actively used those attributes as admission criteria. I'm clearly suffering from a selection bias with the 18-22 group, whereas the 12-17 group was carefully selected to be representative. Perhaps this might be similar to your experience as well?

There are some truths and facts on this article.Some youth really don't care anymore about the world they live in.They are more concerned on what they can have and consumed.But again, it is not rue to all.There is still hope for the youth today.

I'm a senior living in a rural region but track national and global humanitarian, justice, and environmental causes with great interest. Teen and young adult activism, when it develops, is for me much encouragement. I am greatly concerned about complacency, apathy, and 'go along to get along' practices in the 'post-30'population! We can scarcely hold ourselves up as role models! I found your blog because I hoped to find statistics to answer: "What percentages of a standard adult population in the US engages in, or avoids, social activism?" It would be great if there were stats comparing a group of democratic nations, and also if the categories re activism were more than only the 2 I identified in my question.

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